The global situation of the last 1.5 years has not only changed the private everyday life of many people, but also their professional life. Sociologists call the new work structures New Work, and they seem to define the work flow in a company in the long term.
Experts believe that 90 percent of all employees fit into a specific employee pattern. The term “New Work” was created to classify them accordingly and to define the new demands on working life. It refers to the changes within a company that, although also due to the pandemic, are predominantly taking place in the context of digitization. This is not the only reason why many new structures have recently emerged that can change and enrich working life. New technologies and the desire of many employees to better develop their work-life balance also mean that fixed structures seem to be dissolving. The researchers have crystallized a total of six work types. The question is, who would classify themselves in which way and whether their own assessment can be capped with their position in the company?
1. New work type: the home office employee
In the meantime, many people have involuntarily moved to the home office. Workplaces at home offer the advantage of being able to work flexibly and not having to make the daily trip back and forth to the office. This offers more room for more efficient work. For many employees, this has become a welcome alternative to their normal workplace. One that they no longer want to do without. For others, however, this is not a permanent solution because they cannot establish a real office at home due to lack of space or suffer from constant unrest due to family life. Therefore, this solution is not a successful transformation for all employees. It is also important here to establish fixed rules, set working hours and goals, and hold regular telephone or video conferences to stay connected.
2. New work type: office workers in the conventional sense
Despite the pandemic, many colleagues are still drawn to the office. Here, they are absolutely flexible in their areas of activity and willing to learn new work content and technologies and then try them out. Conventional office workers like to be familiar with their work content, appreciate the exchange with colleagues, but remain open to innovations. Around 20 percent of all employees in a company occupy this position, according to current estimates.
3. New work type: office workers in the classic sense
Classic office workers do not appreciate change. They like to move in familiar patterns, are well trained and like routines. These give them security and make everyday work easier. Exploring new technologies and having different experiences is not one of the favorite activities of the office worker in the classic sense.
4. New work type: flexible employee
Those who remain flexible have it easy. Flexible employees adapt to the daily demands in a company. They like to fluctuate between home office and office work. They are on the move, enjoy taking on new challenges and appreciate the opportunity to gain new experience and develop their own skills every day.
5. New work type: sales representatives
Many companies cannot do without field service employees. They are not at home at their workplace, they are usually in cars or trains and on their way to customers. Long commutes are just as much a part of the typical work pattern as new challenges, depending on what the other person expects of you. Regular meetings with the boss and colleagues help to stay structured and to report successes. However, colleagues can’t get by without office work altogether.
6. New work type: senior executives
Fixed work structures often cannot do without hierarchies. The executive employee would be above the normal employee in this pattern. He has worked his way up with motivation, shows eagerness in his field of activity and always has an open ear for “his subordinates”. For the boss, it is important to fill this position conscientiously as well, because this is the only way to ensure that all tasks are completed well without having to constantly control daily work processes and content himself.
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